A box is drawn around an element of the composition. Perhaps a Capital Letter, or an Illustration. Various             
treatments may be applied inside the box. This is often square, but can be round, oval, rectangular, etc.
Capitals Upper Case Letters, usually used to begin a word
Decorated Surface decoration is applied. Color variations, pattern, breaking up the form, etc.
Counter The open space inside a Letter. Think of a capital D. The space within this letter is a Counter.
Decorative Bar A decorative element surrounded by straight lines and to which a decorative treatment has been applied.           
Document Board A support surface for your document. The work is held in place at the corners with ribbons and is easily         
removed later
Document Folder A folded support for your document. The outside usually has the name of the recipient. The work is held in     
place at the corners with ribbons and is easily removed.
Designed Designed letters or flourishes need to fit into, or work in specific spaces or interact with certain elements.
Fill An enclosed area is filled with color, pattern, illustration, etc.
Flourishing A decorative element created by sweeping strokes, sometimes but not necessarily attached to the lettering
Free These flourishes may fill an uncertain space or shape
Tight These flourishes must fit into a certain shape or land in a specific spot.
Footer Any element included at the bottom of either a composition or an element in that composition.
Incised Decoration created by pressing into the layer with (usually) a stylus.
Inks  Pigment suspended in a carrier, usually acrylic, but sometimes varnish, honey, gum arabic or others. Used for
lettering and  painting.
Metallic Tiny bits of metal are suspended in a carrier, usually acrylic or gum arabic. Used for lettering and painting.                     
Sometimes takes the place of metallic leaf.
Transparent Any ink that is not completely opaque. Lettering done with transparent ink has the distinctive quality associated      
with hand lettering. That of a doubling of value where the pen direction changes.
Illustration Art added to a composition for story telling purposes.
Interactive The Lettering and Illustration work together. A cat may peak out between letter parts. A Letter may surround a
Interlace A form of design where two or more elements interweave, over and under.
Intertwine  A form of design where two or more elements wrap around each other, often organically.
Large and Small Capitals Instead of Upper and Lower Case Letters, Words begin with large Capitals and the balance is          
written in small Capitals
Logo A design element intended to identify a business or person. This is usually rights-protected
Outline A design element that surrounds another element, usually in a uniform way, such as a box made of straight lines. It can   
touch or parallel the edge of  the other element(s).
Flame An outline that breaks at intervals to insert a flame like shape
Bump An outline that breaks at intervals to insert a half-round like shape
Pattern Any decorative element that repeats
Pen Change To create different sizes and boldnesses, different sized pen nibs are used.
Resolution A statement placed into the minutes of a Corporate Entity and agreed to by the majority of it's Board of Directors.
Serif A triangular ending for a letter stroke that creates a base or top for the letter. Originally, a way to allow the water to drain  
out of a carved letter.
Shade A darkening of a color by adding Black
Seal An embossed or debossed devise used to create a dimensional change in the surface of the paper. This marks the paper    
as official.
Signature Captions Description of the person who will sign on the Signature Line. It may name the person, or it may name their
Signature Lines  A predesignated area for the presenter(s) to sign a document, usually with a drawn ink line, but sometimes in  
pencil for later removal
Squiggles Free-form curvy lines
Swirls Curvy lines that are controlled in some way.
Tint A lightening of a color by adding White
Uncial/Bookhand/Old English/Roman/Spencerian Names of Lettering Styles. See Font Sheet
Value The relative lightness or darkness of a color of grey. Usually referred to on a numbered scale, often 0-9
Versal An Initial Capital in a text block. It is enlarged and often decorated
White Vine A form of decoration created with interlacing and swirly white vines.
Word Count The total number of words in any given project. Originally based on a 5-letter word. Use the "Word Count" function
of a Word Document. Usually, no adjustment needs to be made for long and short words.  
Living Letters Studio
1603 Latimer Place East,   Wilmington, Delaware 19805